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18 Desember 2010

Santiago Declaration on the human right to peace

Santiago de Compostela (Spain), 10 December 2010


La declaración de Luarca sobre el derecho humano a la paz Adhierete
Data publicació: 
Sáb, 12/18/2010 ()

The International Congress on the Human Right to Peace, held in Santiago on 9 and 10 in December 2010, concluded with great success with the adoption of the Santiago Declaration on the human right to peace and the establishment of the International Observatory of the Human Right to Peace.

The Congress was organised in the context of the World Social Forum on Education for Peace, held in Santiago in December in 2010 and was the culmination of the SSIHRL Global Campaign for the international codification of the human right to peace.

The SSIHRL Campaign began in October 30, 2006 with the approval of the Luarca Declaration on the Human Right to Peace and had its most significant milestones in the Bilbao Declaration on the Human Right to Peace (24 February 2010), which revises the Luarca Declaration in the light of the regional contributions from the different cultural sensitivities. The Bilbao Declaration was reviewed by an international drafting committee, which approved on June 2, 2010 the Barcelona Declaration on the Human Right to Peace. The latter text is the immediate predecessor of the Declaration adopted in Santiago.

The four Declarations share a holistic vision of peace, which means absence of all forms of violence, armed, structural or cultural violence. The armed violence is fostered by an arms race, which global expenditure has reached 1,535 billion dollars in 2009. Structural violence is caused by economic and social inequalities that divide the world between a North rich and South poor in where 1,400 million of human beings live in extreme poverty and social exclusion. In addition, 1,000 million of human beings suffer from hunger every day, most of them women and children in developing countries. This situation of structural violence is incompatible with peace. Peace also requires the absence of cultural violence, which is product of gender, domestic, school and work violence, as well as racial discrimination, xenophobia and religious intolerance.

The world suffers as a consequence of a culture of violence fueled by all these sources of violence. The culture of violence has to be replaced by a culture of peace in the realization of all human rights for all without discrimination of any kind. For this latter reasons we need the human right to peace.

The Santiago Declaration illustrates the reader about the content of peace as a human right, mainly, the right to education on peace and human rights, the right to human security, the right to environment, the right to disarmament, the right to development, the right to emigrate, the right to shelter, the rights of victims of human rights violations or the rights of vulnerable groups.

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